Porto is the second largest city in Portugal and is located in the north coast. It settlement dates back to 300 B.C. and was referred anciently as "Portus Cale".
The urban area of Porto, which extends beyond the administrative limits of the city, has a population of 2.9 million (2011) in an area of 389 sq km (150 sq mi).
The city was European Capital of the Culture in 2001 and recognized with the award European Best Destination twice: in 2014 and 2017.
It is served by a modern airport (Francisco Sá Carneiro Airport, considered the 11th best airport in the world and 5th best in Europe by The Guide to Sleeping in Airports in 2016) and cruise terminal (Porto Leixões Cruise Terminal, opened in 2015), which are linked to the city center by metro and buses lines.